Fim / Separatrix at Gagosian, Rome, Italy 2020

The philosopher Leibniz had a theory of the so-called “separatrix,” the “between” two things that are contradictions. There’s always a line. On one side this is blue, and [on the other] this is red. In reality, red has embassies in the blue, and blue has embassies in the red. And Leibniz says fifty percent of this line, this structure “between,” is order, and fifty percent is anarchy. —Alexander Kluge

Gagosian is pleased to present Separatrix, an exhibition of new paintings and works on paper by Katharina Grosse. This is her first solo exhibition in Rome. Separatrix coincides with Grosse’s major installation It Wasn’t Us, currently on view at Hamburger Bahnhof–Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin.

Grosse embraces the events that occur as she paints, opening up surfaces and spaces to chance. In massive in situ paintings—where she uses a spray gun to propel unmixed color over objects, rooms, buildings, and even entire landscapes—and autonomous works on canvas, paper, and sculptural supports, she stylizes gesture as a spontaneous mark of personal agency.

In July 2019, Grosse started working in a new purpose-built studio in a remote coastal area in northern New Zealand, where she spends several months each year. There, secluded in nature, she began a new body of work, imbuing the medium of watercolor with the directness and immediacy of her spray paintings.

Envisaging the blank sheet of paper as a topographical record, Grosse experimented with a wet-on-wet technique using vibrant pigments, allowing them to swim and intermingle across the surface, leaving behind iridescent pools and blooms. After returning to her Berlin studio, she transferred what she terms the “consequences” of these watercolors to a series of large-scale paintings, setting the canvas horizontally, adding dilute acrylics using a brush, and then tilting the support to produce multidirectional drips and currents of color as a secondary gesture.

Taking a cue from Leibniz’s theory of the “separatrix,” Grosse revels in the alternating moments of order and chaos that arise from visual thresholds—moments of collision and diffusion in medium, material, and hue. Her approach is scientific as well as painterly: she analyzes the material properties of paint, water, and canvas in advance, using their alchemical interactions to effect specific visual occurrences. Fields of color osmose into one another and collide like cultures growing in a petri dish; a sweeping brushstroke transforms into a matrix of neurons. In Grosse’s hands, the microscopic details of her process are magnified, resulting in towering formal compositions that attest to moments of flux and sudden clarity in her working process.

Is it You?, a major installation and a group of paintings on canvas, opened at the Baltimore Museum of Art on March 1, 2020, and continues through January 3, 2021. It Wasn’t Us opened at the Hamburger Bahnhof–Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin, on June 14, 2020, and remains on view through January 10, 2021.

On the occasion of the exhibition, on Tuesday, November 10, at 1pm EST (7pm CET), Grosse will speak with Bartolomeo Pietromarchi, director of Museo nazionale delle arti del XXI secolo (MAXXI) in Rome, as part of the museum’s Conversazioni d’autore series. The event is organized in collaboration with Gagosian; Accademia Tedesca Roma Villa Massimo, Rome; and Goethe-Institut, Rome.

On Tuesday, November 24, at 1pm EST (7pm CET), Grosse will participate in an online conversation with writer, theorist and filmmaker Alexander Kluge to discuss his writings on Leibniz’s theory of the “separatrix” and its key impact on Grosse’s new body of watercolors and paintings on canvas. The conversation will be moderated by special guests Joachim Bernauer, director of Goethe-Institut Italien, and Julia Draganović, director of Accademia Tedesca Roma Villa Massimo, Rome. Please visit the News section of for more details on how to attend this free event.